ISSN: 20010818
First published in 2012
3 issues per volume
Volume 6 Issue 2
Cover Date: June 2017
Fair game? Journalists’ experiences of online abuse
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Authors:  Amy Binns 
DOI: 10.1386/ajms.6.2.183_1

Keywords
journalists,online abuse,Twitter,self-censorship,online gangs,women in journalism

Abstract
Online abuse of journalists through comments below articles or on Twitter is now ubiquitous. The tough-minded industry culture means that it has generally been dismissed as unimportant; however, high-profile cases of rape and bomb threats have given it greater significance. This research, based on a survey of 267 journalists and four detailed interviews, sought to establish what effect it had on them and their behaviour. Results showed that women were more likely than men to report often receiving insults or threats, and had stronger emotional reactions to abuse. News reporters were more likely to report abuse than other sectors of the industry, and were more likely to report problems with online gangs. Many described their powerlessness when targeted by organized gangs. Some respondents described serious problems offline and online, including leaving jobs and self-censoring due to fear of abuse.
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