ISSN: 17526299
First published in 2008
3 issues per volume
Volume 2 Issue 1
Cover Date: May 2009
Identity, roles and practice in ritual music
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Authors:  Eri Hirabayashi 
DOI: 10.1386/ijcm.2.1.39_1

Keywords
ritual, practice theory, identity, Japan, community

Abstract
This paper explores the role of music in creating and negotiating identity through community, within the context of an annual Shinto shrine ritual called miko mai shinji. It is based on three years of fieldwork with a ritual community in the Ôu area of Itako City in Ibaraki Prefecture, located in eastern Japan. Within this ritual tradition, the creation of music does not solely depend on the musicians, but on the entire community. The action by which music is transmitted and produced, and the community's participation in this process yields not only music itself, but also a shared space wherein the community's identity is created. In other words, by sharing negotiated knowledge and experience through musical activity, a community creates its group identity or a sense of belonging among the community members. This negotiated knowledge or experience is accumulated through action or practice including learning and playing music, exchange and discussion, and ritual performance. In this article, I illustrate how one community creates its identity by continuing its ritual tradition of music and dance; thus, this dynamic action serves as an important driving force of the ritual each year that it is performed.
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