ISSN: 1364971X
First published in 1988
3 issues per volume
Volume 22 Issue 2
Cover Date: December 2009
Stone, granite and concrete: three images of the urban under Franco
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Authors:  Olivia Muñoz-Rojas 
DOI: 10.1386/ijis.22.2.145/3

Keywords
city images, Falangist aesthetics, post-war reconstruction, Spanish cities, Spanish Civil War

Abstract
This article proposes three images of the urban for examining the reconstruction, architecture and planning discourses in the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War. The city of ‘stone’, the city of ‘granite’ and the city of ‘concrete’ reveal the Falangists' preference for certain construction materials because of their symbolic and material association with the perceived historical sources of the New Spain – the Roman and Hapsburg Empires – and the ideal of a technically functional nation. In order to illustrate these images, this article succinctly reviews the post-war transformations of three selected sites: the Avinguda de la Catedral in Barcelona, the Montaña del Príncipe Pío in Madrid and the bridges of Bilbao, together with the discourses that accompanied these developments.
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