ISSN: 13548697
First published in 1991
1 issues per volume
Volume 16 Issue 1
Cover Date: April 2010
‘Adasiyyah: A Study in Agriculture and Rural Development
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Authors:  Iraj Poostchi 
DOI: 10.1386/bsr.16.61/7

Keywords
development, agriculture, rural communities, self-sufficiency, landlord–tenant relationships, ‘Abdu’l-Baha, Jordan, ‘Adasiyyah

Abstract
This paper comprises of a systematic study of the work of Baha'i farmers, food growers and sharecroppers who, for over half a century (1906–60), toiled on the lands in ‘Adasiyyah, a village in the north-west of Jordan. The history of this community has been reconstructed from written and oral sources. The author presents the early history of this community from the time that ‘Abdu’l-Baha purchased the land for it. The earliest settlers were Baha'is of Zoroastrian background who moved there from Yazd in Iran. The author describes the gradual growth of this community, some of the problems that they encountered and the guidance that ‘Abdu’l-Baha gave them. In particular, the author concentrates on the agricultural development of the community's lands and the innovations that they introduced, some of which were subsequently taken up by other farmers in the area. Some conclusions are drawn about the features of Baha'i development in rural areas as advocated by ‘Abdu’l-Baha: the importance of agriculture to rural development; fairness and moderation in the landlord–tenant relationship; the importance of prayer and consultation in community decision-making and resolution of conflict; and the importance of developing self-sufficiency and self-reliance in rural populations.
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